Difficulties in Academic Writing: Perspective of Graduate Students of UIN Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan

Ida Royani (UIN Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan, Indonesia)


The purpose of this study was to determine what difficulties students come upon when learning to write English academically. The participants consisted of 54 graduate students entering in Academic Writing class during the academic year 2022- 2023. By using descriptive qualitative method, analysis of the data presented that English students encounter many difficulties and challenges in their academic writing activity, for instance establishment of process of writing stages, paragraph structure, presenting extended examples by statistics, and plagiarism. In brief, students’ difficulties in academic writing are in the writing process and discursive and non-discursive difficulties.


Academic Writing; Difficulty; Graduate Students; English Learners

Full Text:



Anderson, Irene. 2009. “Avoiding Plagiarism in Academic Writing.” Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) 23(18):35–37. doi: 10.3126/jsan.v4i2.21202. Azizah, U. A., and A. Budiman. 2017. “Challenges in Writing Academic Papers for International Publication among Indonesian Umu Arifatul Azizah & Asep Budiman Universitas Sebelas Maret , Indonesia.” Jeels 4(2):47–69. Boon, Yih Mah, Irfan Naufall Umar, and Thomas Chow Voon Foo. 2013. “L2 Writing Challenges for the Undergraduates: A Performance Analysis and a Literature Review on SIL Domains.” The Asian Conference on Language Learning Conference Proceedings 2013 302–16. Fadda, Hind Al. 2012. “Difficulties in Academic Writing: From the Perspective of King Saud University Postgraduate Students.” English Language Teaching 5(3):123–30. doi: 10.5539/elt.v5n3p123. Flowerdew, J. 1999. “Problems in Writing for Scholary Publication in Englis.” Journal of Second Language Writing 8(3):243–64. Genc, Bilal, and Erdogan Bada. 2010. “English as a World Language.” The Reading Matrix 10(2):142–51. doi: 10.1177/003368828601700107. Ghanbari, Batoul. 2014. “Cross-Cultural Rhetoric Awareness and Writing Strategies of EFL Learners: Implications for Writing Pedagogy.” International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning 3(5):53–70. doi: 10.5861/ijrsll.2014.620. Kellogg, Ronald T. 2008. “Training Writing Skills: A Cognitive Developmental Perspective.” Journal of Writing Research 1(1):1–26. doi: 10.17239/jowr-2008.01.01.1. Lamptey, RB, and H. Atta-Obeng. 2013. “Challenges with Reference Citations among Postgraduate Students at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.” Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) 32(3):69–80. doi: 10.4314/just.v32i3.8. Lavelle, Ellen, and Kathy Bushrow. 2007. “Writing Approaches of Graduate Students.” Educational Psychology 27(6):807–22. doi: 10.1080/01443410701366001. Lozano, Jhomar B., Allyssa Ilagan, and Laiza Jaka A. Maluluyon. 2020. “Linguistic Competence and Academic Performance in English of Grade 11 Students in Sta. Teresa College.” International Journal of Research Studies in Education 9(2):121–34. doi: 10.5861/ijrse.2020.5807. Moldovan, C. 2011. “Writing a Scientific Paper in English - Challenges and Common Errors [Redactarea Unui Articol Ştiinţific În Limba Englezǎ - Provocǎri Şi Erori Frecvente].” Revista Romana de Medicina de Laborator 19(4):391–94. Al Murshidi, Ghadah. 2014. “Emirati and Saudi Students’ Writing Challenges at U.S. Universities.” English Language Teaching 7(6):87–95. doi: 10.5539/elt.v7n6p87. Nang, K. Y., Vltt Tltng, Alice Oshima, and A. N. N. Hogue. 2008. Writng Academic English Third Editions. Nasiri, Sina. 2012. “Exploring the Significant Role of Meta-Discourse in Academic Writing for a Discourse Community by Academic Members.” International Journal of Research Studies in Education 2(1):67–74. doi: 10.5861/ijrse.2012.97. Phothongsunan, Sureepong. 2016. “Thai University Academics’ Challenges of Writing for Publication in English.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies 6(4):681. doi: 10.17507/tpls.0604.04. Royani, Ida, and Heni Arwida. 2021. “Critical Reading for Self-Critical Writing.” Syntax Literate ; Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia 6(2):1252. doi: 10.36418/syntax-literate.v6i2.5111. Royani, Ida, Nessy Cahyani, and Wilda Ariannur. 2021. “English Students ’ Learning Strategies during Pandemic Covid 19.” International Online Conference on English Education 1–16. Samad, Iskandar Abdul, Bustami Usman, Novalia Rizkanisa, and Siti Sarah Fitriani. 2018. “Non-Native Speakers’ Rhetorical Commonalities in Writing Script Introduction Section.” Lingua Cultura 12(2):141. doi: 10.21512/lc.v12i2.2475. Sharp, Laurie A. 2016. “Acts of Writing: A Compilation of Six Models That Define the Processes of Writing.” International Journal of Instruction 9(2):77–90. doi: 10.12973/iji.2016.926a.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24952/ee.v11i1.8389


  • There are currently no refbacks.

English Education: English Journal for Teaching and Learning

Tadris Bahasa Inggris Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan

UIN Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan 

ISSN Print : 2338-8781 ISSN Online :  2579-4043

Jl. T. Rizal Nurdin Km. 4,5 Sihitang Padangsidimpuan Sumatra Utara 22733 Indonesia

Phone: 0634-22080 Fax: 0634-24022

Email: englishjournal@uinsyahada.ac.id

Flag Counter View My Stats