Akulturasi Budaya Islam – Kristen dalam Meujudkan Kerukunan

Hamdani AG

Abstract


Acculturation is a process of change (integration) between culture and psychology as a result of relationship of two or more cultural groups within the members of their culture. Acculturation allows the birth of a new cultural diversity that can be accepted by all members of multiethnic communities, not least the cultural heritage of certain ethnic, creativity or initiative outcomes and culture coming from the outside. Acculturation is able to knit the harmonization of social and religious harmony among multireligious society, based on mutual respect and respecting others. Because of acculturation integrate all cultural subcultures such as customs, traditions, language, art, values and norms, education and livelihood, except the matter of aqidah (faith) that impossible to be acculturated. Subdistrict Community Besitang, Langkat, and North Sumatra comprising Malays, Javanese, Acehnese and Minangkabau Muslim and Karo and Batak Christians have managed to reach the level of the most successful acculturation. Muslim and Christian leaders, as well Muspika Harmony Forum (FKUB) highly committed local creating a harmonious atmosphere and religious harmony in the community, through the cultural approach to all ethnic groups. This proved able to create a safe atmosphere, peace, and harmony without social conflict in the middle of the multiethnic and multireligious society.

Keywords


acculturation, harmonization and multiethnic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Irwan. Konstruksi dan Reproduksi Kebudayaan. Jogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Aqil Siroj, Said. Islam Sumber Inspirasi Budaya Nusantara. Jakarta: LTN NU, 2014

Berry, John W. Acculturation: Living Succesfully in Two Culture dalam International Journal of Intercultural Relation. Ontorio, Canada: Queens University, 2005.

Fuad, Zainul. Diskursus Pluralisme Agama. Bandung: Citapustaka Media Perintis, 2007

Halim, Andreas. Kamus Lengkap Praktis Inggris – Indonesia. Surabaya: Fajar Mulia, 1993.

Hartono. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1992

Ismail, Muhammad Arifin. Sikap Pesantren dalam Menghadapi Paham Pluralisme Agama (Makalah) pada Seminar Internasional “Islamic Education And Leadership, di Lhokseumawe, 2011.

Kim, YY. Mass Media And Acculturation: Development of an Interactive Theory. Makalah pada konferensi tahunanthe Eastern Communication Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1979.

Kriyantono, Rachmat. Teknik Praktis Riset Komunikasi. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2006

Kholil, Syukur. Metodologi Penelitian Komunikasi. Bandung: Cita Pustaka Media, 2006.

Liliweri, Alo. Makna Budaya dalam Komunikasi Antarbudaya. Jogyakarta: LkiS, 2002

----------------. Gatra-gatra Komunikasi Antarbudaya. Jogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2001

----------------. Dasar-dasar Komunikasi Antarbudaya. Jogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2003.

Morisan, dkk. Teori Komunikasi Massa. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia, 2010

Puspowardhani, Rulliyanti. Komunikasi Antar Budaya dalam Perkawinan Campur Jawa – Cina di Surakarta, Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret, 2008

Santoso, Thomas. Teori-teori Kekerasan. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia- Universitas Kristen Petra, 2002.

Suprapto, Riyadi. Interaksionisme Simbolik. Jogyakarta: Aveeroes – Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Taher, Tarmizi. Menjadi Muslim Moderat. Jakarta: Hikmah (Mizan Publika), 2004.

Taylor, Robert B. Cultural Ways, A Consice Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. (Illnoi: Waveland Press, Inc, 1988.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24952/fitrah.v2i2.476

Copyright (c) 2017 FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Free counters!