Anagram Game to Enhance Students’ Vocabulary Mastery

Wardah Mutiah Nasution (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Padangsidimpuan, Indonesia)
Yusni Sinaga (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Padangsidimpuan, Indonesia)


This research is focused on the effect of Anagram Game on the Students’ Vocabulary Mastery at VII Grade MTs N 2 Padangsidimpuan. This research aims to know the suitable and effective technique in teaching vocabulary. The research was an experimental research that uses one group pre-test and post- test design consist of 39 students in experimental class and 39 students in control class. The data were collected from students’ vocabulary test in the experimental class and control class. The result of this research have found from the t-test, which is tcount was higher than ttable (3.92>1.666). It was concluded that there was a significant effect of anagram game on the students’ vocabulary mastery. It means that the alternative hypothesis was accepted which indicates that anagram technique was significantly effective in teaching vocabulary. Additionally, anagram is a good vocabulary learning technique. It is an interesting game for learners. Thus, it is strongly suggested that teachers apply this technique to help enrich students’ vocabulary.


Vocabulary Mastery; Noun; Anagram Game; Teachers’ Technique; Teaching Vocabulary

Full Text:



Ahdian Rosadi. “The Effectiveness of Anagram Technique in Teaching Vocabulary.” Voices of English Language Education Society 1, no. 1 (2017): 41–50.

Alizadeh, Iman. “Vocabulary Teaching Techniques : A Review of Common Practices” 1, no. 1 (2016): 22–30.

Alqatani, Mofareh. “The Importance of Vocabulary in Language Learning and How to Be Taught.” International Journal of Teaching and Education III, no. 3 (2015): 21–34.

A.S, Hornby, Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Betteridge, David and Michael Buckby in Diyan Yulianto, Mahir Bahasa Inggris dengan Ragam Permainan Kata. Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2016.

Budi Setiawan. “Improving the Students’ Vocabulary Matery Through Direct Instruction,” 2010.

Chris T. Panagiotakopoulos, Menelaos E. Sarris. “‘ Playing With Words ’: Effects of an Anagram Solving Game-Like Application for Primary Education Students” 6, no. 2 (2013): 110–26.

Dakhi, Saniago. “The Principles and the Teaching of English Vocabulary : A Review,” Journal of English Teaching 5, no. February 2019 (2019): 15–25,

Derakhshan, Ali, and Elham Davoodi Khatir. “The Effects of Using Games on English Vocabulary Learning.” Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research 2, no. 3 (2015): 39–47.

Fifah, Fanti Maria. “The Effectiveness of Using Anagram Technique Toward Students’ Vocabulary Achievement of The Eight Grade at MTs Wahid Hasyim Setinggil-Wonodadi,” 2016.

Frydrychova, Blanka. “Games in the Teaching of English.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 191 (2015): 1157–60.

Harida, Eka Sustri. “Using Mind Mapping Technique to Teach Vocabulary” 3, no. 1 (2015): 10. Eka -min.pdf.

Hiebert, Elfrieda H., and Michael L. Kamil. Teaching and Learning Vocabulary Bringing Research to Practice. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005.

Ibrahim, Abdelrazig. “Advantages of Using Language Games in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Sudan Basic Schools.” American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS) 37, no. 1 (2017).

Insan Bara Rosada. “Improving Vocabulary Mastery By Using Anagram Game at the First Grade Students of MTs N Karanganyar in Academic Year 2015/2016,” 2016.

Jane Straus. The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation an Easy to Use Guide with Clear Rules, Real World Examples, and Reproducible Quizzes. Eleventh E. United States: Bass A Wiley Imprint, 200AD.

Jill Hadfield. Elementary Vocabulary Games A Collection of Vocabulary Games and Activities for Elementatry Students of English. Longman: Pearson Education, 1998.

Kartini. “Teaching Vocabulary By Using Anagram to the Fifth Grade Students of SD Negeri 42 Palembang,” no. August (2010).

Kumar, Ranjit. Research Methodology a Step by Step Guide for Beginners. Third. London: Sage, 2011.

Kumara, Richard Devara Candra. “The Use of Anagrams to Improve Students’ Vocabulary Learning Strategy in XI IPA 1 Class , SMA Pangudi Luhur Sedayu,” 2016.

Maimunah, Bachtiar. “Improving Students’ Vocabulary Achievement In Reading Recount Text through Anagram Technique.” Journal of Unimed, 2016, 1–13.

Mofareh Alqhatani. “The Importance of Vocabulary in Language Learning and How to Be Taught.” International Journal of Teaching and Education III, no. 3 (2015): 21–34.

Muhamad Arrofi Rahman. The Effectiveness of Anagram on Students’ Vocanulary Size. Journal of IAIN Palangkaraya, issued 2016.

Nur Hidayat. “November 2016, 2016 Published: 19.” Journal of English Educators Society 1, no. October (2016): 95–104.

Nurjanah, Siti. “The Effect of Anagram Technique on Students’ Vocabulary (a Quasi-Experiment Research of the Eight Grade Students at MTs N 13 Jakarta in the Academic Year 2017/2018,” 2018.

Sartika Manurung. “Improving Students ’ Vocabulary Achievement By Applying Anagram Plus Flashcards at the SMP Negeri 7 Pematangsiantar.” Journal of Unimed, 2013.

Siska, Mirwana. “Improving Students’ Vocabulary Achievement by Applying Anagram Plus Flashcard in the First Grade of MTs Persatuan Amal Bakti (PAB) 1 Helvetia,” 2017. Siska Ready upload.pdf.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

English Education: English Journal for Teaching and Learning

Tadris Bahasa Inggris Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan

UIN Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan 

ISSN Print : 2338-8781 ISSN Online :  2579-4043

Jl. T. Rizal Nurdin Km. 4,5 Sihitang Padangsidimpuan Sumatra Utara 22733 Indonesia

Phone: 0634-22080 Fax: 0634-24022


Flag Counter View My Stats